General Introduction | Finnish Nature | History | Food

Finnish Nature


The topography of Finland is very flat with exceptions of the mountains in the most northern part. Along the border towards Russia the landscape has a bit more rougher terrain. The forests and the seas are the most dominant landscape in Finland.

Coastal Areas

The Finnish coast is long and shattered with a long archipelago, most notable is the autonomous area of Aaland which is an archipelago consisting of 6500 islands. The areas surrounding the coast have the most fertile earth and are the most populated area of Finland.


Finland is often called “The country of thousand lakes” due to its huge amount of seas covering almost 11 % of the total country. The major part of the lakes is found in the south east part of Finland. In total there are around 188 000 lakes and the largest one, Saima, is the fifth largest lake in Europe.

Forests and Woods

The Finnish landscape is dominated by forests and woods with more then 75% of the total country, making it the largest forest covered country in Europe and among the most covered in the world. The three most common trees are pine, spruce and birch.


Finland shares a bit of the mountain chain Skanderna with Norway and Sweden in the most north western parts of the country. The highest peak in Finland is 1316 meters. In the east the mountains is the remains of the old mountain chain Kareliderna.